martes, 21 de marzo de 2017

My personal journey to obtain Starting and Consolidator Grants from the European Research Council

During these days we are celebrating the 10th anniversary of the European Research Council (ERC), and I would like to use this opportunity to share some reflections about my personal journey to get funded by the ERC (I have the immense fortune of being funded twice by the ERC, as I got a Starting Grant [StG] in 2009 and a Consolidator Grant [CoG] in 2014) and about what receiving funding from the ERC has meant for me and my research.

I applied to the StG in 2007, the first year that this program was launched. At that time I was a “Ramón y Cajal” post-doctoral researcher trying to create my research group at Rey Juan Carlos University, which I joined in late 2005. I did not have to think much about applying to the first StG call, as I felt that my CV had the profile the ERC was looking for and I had (IMHO) a set of ideas that together could make a project fitting the “high risk high gain” philosophy of the ERC and that could not be carried out by the resources provided by the research projects we can obtain in Spain. I work hard on my proposal, which took me over five months to write and was derived from ideas I started to mold in my mind since I was a PhD back in Alicante around the early 2000s. I made it to the interview stage, but did not perform very well, and after my interview I had the personal feeling that I was not going to get funded, as it was finally the case. I prepared the interview the best I could, but since it was the first time these interviews were held nobody knew how they were, and presenting your project in front of a broad life sciences panel and dealing with a broad range of questions (some expected, some not) in real time is something I was not well trained for. To my surprise, the decision letter came with a recommendation for funding (with a low priority), which is certainly a nice and very polite way to tell you that your idea/project is really good but will not get funded this time. Despite this rejection, the overall message from the review process was very supportive of my background/CV, ideas and project. Rather than on the quality/groundbreaking nature of the science underlying my project, the reviewers and panel members had some doubts about whether I was ready for handling the large and complex project I was proposing to do.

While it was hard getting to the interview stage and not being funded (you feel like drowning when you are reaching the shore), this first experience with the ERC was very positive for me. Writing my project helped me to sort out my ideas and to frame them into the bigger context, and the interview was not only an excellent training, but also a reminder of the importance of presenting your research in a way that colleagues not working in your field (there was only an ecologist among the panel members that evaluated my proposal) can understand it and appreciate its importance and relevance. And for making it to the interview stage and for obtaining a recommendation for funding by the ERC the Spanish Government awarded me with 100000 € to start my project and to further develop the ideas underlying it, an amount that had a very positive impact on my research and lab at the time.

Given this first experience, and the encouraging reviews received, I tried again on the next StG call. I improved my project as much as possible per the feedback received (but it was basically the same project, as no major flaws were identified during the first evaluation), and my CV had also improved compared to the first time I applied (albeit I did not have any paper in Science/Nature/PNAS as a first author at the time, so in my experience it is not mandatory to have them to obtain a StG!). I worked for another four months on the project, had it evaluated by several colleagues before submission and used a new review service established by the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science, which I found very useful to improve multiple aspects of my proposal. I reached again to the interview stage, which I prepared much better than the previous year (including a “fake” interview I made in Barcelona organized by the Spanish and Catalan agencies in charge of research and EU funding). I went to Brussels more relaxed than the previous time and with a clear feeling: I have nothing to lose and lots to win. The interview was a “déjà vu”, as the panel members were the same that interviewed me the first time. But this time I was better prepared and I had the overall feeling after the interview that I did much better than the previous time. And having control over my presentation (the first time I did not control the presentation and that was very stressful for me) and giving it in front of a round table where I was quite close to the panel members also helped (let aside the extreme courtesy and politeness of all panel members during the interview). I left Brussels happy and with the impression that whatever was going to happen I could feel proud to have done the best I could (as we like to say in my hometown “el que hace todo lo que puede no está obligado a más”).

And then the great news arrived in July 2009, when I read a letter signed by the ERC president saying “I am very pleased to inform you that the panel has recommended your proposal for funding at a sufficiently high position on the priority list, which is expected to allow actual funding. I offer you my warmest congratulations for this success.” This was a very exciting day that I still remember quite well. Once I digested the news and all the paperwork between my university and the ERC was done, my StG (BIOCOM) started in January 2010. During the previous months I made the selection of personnel to be hired with the project and prepared myself for the new responsibilities and obligations I acquired with the ERC. Getting ERC funding is great for multiple reasons, but it also made me from the beginning feel “the pressure” of making a qualitive jump in our research and starting to publish it in high profile multidisciplinary journals, something that in most cases does not depend on the amount of funding you have. So, I worked really hard from day 1 of BIOCOM with the idea of fulfilling its objectives, and with the support of all project members, which were really involved in the project and to whom I am much indebted for, and international collaborators I can say that we succeed in achieving most of the objectives initially planned. 

My StG allowed me to create and maintain my research group in a very difficult time to do so in Spain and substantially contributed to increase my profile within my university and the national and international research community I am part of. It also allowed us to build and maintain state-of-the-art laboratories and experimental facilities to conduct ecological research, and our work resulted in the publication of dozens of articles in top disciplinary and multidisciplinary international scientific journals (including articles in Science, Nature, PNAS, Nature Communications, Science Advances, Ecology Letters & Nature Ecology & Evolution), and in the establishment of the first global network of field sites aiming to study the relationships between ecosystem and functioning in drylands (see this post in Spanish for more information about this global survey, a post in English will hopefully follow soon). And most importantly, BIOCOM supported the work and training of six technicians, seven PhD students, three postdocs and dozens of undergraduates and international visitors conducting short-term research stays in my lab. Most of these students and postdocs are now making its own way towards independence and are having already a large impact with their research within their respective research groups. Beyond all the good things that the BIOCOM has provided to me as a person and as a scientist, the possibility of attract excellent young scientists and to provide them with the resources to fulfill their potential is without doubt one of the most important “legacies” of the ERC funding.

BIOCOM allowed us to set up a global network of dryland sites, many of which were surveyed by ourselves. The fieldwork campaign we did in Morocco in 2010 was without doubt one of the most memorable moments of the project.

At the end of my StG I was quite tired and was planning to take a one-year without new projects to continue publishing the data from BIOCOM and to calm down a bit. However, two facts made me change my mind to apply again for ERC funding: 2014 was the last year I could apply to a CoG and I could not maintain my current research group structure without the support of a grant such as a CoG. Hence I embarked again on the journey of writing a CoG proposal, which I took as a personal challenge: could I think/write another competitive proposal for the ERC after five years? This was not an easy task, as I had to think about a groundbreaking/high risk-high gain proposal but without departing from my current research program (something that I did not want to do given all we had built with the BIOCOM project). I worked hard again for over five months on the proposal, and received lots of inputs from many colleagues (I am particularly grateful to Jim Reynolds, David Eldridge, Osvaldo Sala, Brajesh Singh, Santiago Soliveres, Manuel Delgado-Baquerizo, Jorge Durán, Pablo García-Palacios, Nicholas Gotelli, Sonia Kéfi, Matthew Bowker and everyone in my lab for all their comments and suggestions [my apologies if I forgot naming anyone!]) and from the review service established by the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science, all of them very useful to improve my proposal. By the time of submission I had a project idea I could feel proud of, so whatever happens next I felt satisfied because I did my best to get the best proposal I could write at the time.

The funding from the ERC allowed us to set up the Climate Change Outdoor Laboratory at the Rey Juan Carlos University Móstoles campus.

I was very pleased when I learned some months later that I made to the interview stage. Contrary to my experience with the StG, this time I had much more to lose if I do not get the CoG, as I knew that I could not maintain my group without the ERC funding. In addition, the preparation for the interview came at a very stressful time for me, as I had to do it during the peak of my teaching semester. I worked really hard preparing the interview, made again a “fake” interview in Madrid organized by the Spanish Ministry (which was very helpful), prepared in advance dozens of questions I could asked, polished my presentation as much as I could (I cannot recall how many versions I made!) and assayed many, many times my presentation alone in my office, in meetings with my lab members and over Skype with colleagues from abroad. I went to Brussels again with more tension than the previous time but with the feeling that if I fail at least I did whatever was in my hands to succeed. The interview went well (albeit at the end of it I had the feeling that I could have done better, I guess it is always the case) and some months later I got a letter from the ERC regarding the outcome of the evaluation process. This time I was really nervous when opening the e-mail and the seconds until I opened the official documents felt like hours. It was an enormous relief for me knowing that I got funded again, and I almost cried when I read the reviewer´s and panel member´s comments, which overall were extremely supportive of my project and my background/CV, as well of what we accomplished with BIOCOM. I keep very clear moments of the day I got the notification from the ERC, as the fortune wanted it to be just the next day after two applicants obtained Marie Curie fellowships to come to my lab and some days after Nicolas Gross also obtained funds from the Agreenskills+ program to spend a two-year sabbatical in my lab (life sometimes has these very nice coincidences). So we made a quick celebration on that day (taking measurements programmed in one of our experiments, science does not stop!), and a larger celebration with all lab members some days later before I started to digest the news and prepare myself for another five years of exciting research and fun ahead. My CoG (BIODESERT) started on January 2016 and right now is going at full speed, so we are moving it forward as planned. I will keep everyone posted via twitter on the development and outcomes from this project.

In sum, my journey to obtain, manage and develop two ERC grants has been a journey full of hard work, illusion and passion for the research I love doing. This has also been a journey where I have further realized that we are more often than not surrounded by wonderful collaborators, and where I have also further appreciated all the immense (and often unpaid) work and efforts put by all our colleagues that devote their expertise and time to review our ideas and proposals without expecting nothing in return. There has been many good moments (and also some stresfull/bad ones) over this period, but the overall balance has been tremendously positive, both from the personal and professional points of views.

I am a really privileged person for being supported twice by the ERC so far, a funding that allowed/is allowing me not only to work with the freedom and resources needed to fulfill my potential as a researcher, to set up/consolidate my lab and to being able to execute my dream project/s, but to provide the opportunity of an excellent cohort of technicians, graduate students and postdocs to get trained and launch their careers doing novel, groundbreaking and exciting science. Hence, I would like to finish saying MANY THANKS! to the ERC panel members and reviewers for believing in my ideas, and I hope that the ERC will continue fulfilling the dreams and recognizing the ideas of the brightest minds working (or planning to work) in Europe for many years to come.

PD: I was planning to share some personal advice for applicants to ERC grants, but will do so in a future post to avoid making this entry longer.

viernes, 27 de enero de 2017

The Maestre lab at the AEET MEDECOS 2017 meeting

During next week many lab members will be in Seville participating in the XIV MEDECOS & XIII AEET meeting in Seville. If want to see what we will be presenting there, below are the titles and sessions of the different talks and posters with participation of lab members (check the full program of the meeting):

Sp.12. Establishing linkages between species interactions and ecosystem functioning and services. Fri 3rd Feb, 2017, Room C, Facultad de Biología (School of Biology).

11:30. Main talk by Fernando Maestre. “Biotic controls of ecosystem functioning in global drylands”.

12:00. Manuel Delgado Baquerizo. “Microbial diversity drives multifunctionality in terrestrial ecosystems across the globe”. 

S.04. Biodiversity: species interactions, networks, communities and phylogenetics. Thu 2nd Feb, 2017. Room A, ETSI Informática (School of Informatics).

09:45. Hugo Saiz Bustamante. “Patterns of plant spatial association networks in global drylands”.

12:00. Miguel Berdugo Vega. “Shifts in the importance of biotic/abiotic assembly drivers in global drylands: merging biogeography and community ecology to understand assembly rules.”. 

S.06. Ecophysiology and functional traits. Thu 2nd Feb, Room A, ETSI Informática (School of Informatics).

15:35. David Sánchez Pescador. “The winter is coming: plant freezing resistance as a key functional trait for the assembly of annual Mediterranean communities”.

17:20. Nicolas Gross. “Functional trait diversity maximizes ecosystem multifunctionality in global drylands”.

18:10. Yoann Pinguet. “A global test of the environmental filtering concept for the functional trait diversity in drylands”.

Sp.02. Filling current knowledge gaps: understanding the role of plant-soil interactions on the functioning and resilience of Mediterranean ecosystems in a changing world. Wed 1st Feb, Room C, Facultad de Biología (School of Biology).

14:30. Main talk by José Ignacio Querejeta. “Vegetation responses to climate change are driven by plant-soil feedbacks in a semiarid shrubland ecosystem”.


S.07. Ecosystem functioning and services: challenges and risks in a changing world

Jorge Durán Humia. “Effects of increasing aridity on aboveand belowground ecosystem functioning: mechanistic processes and biological feedbacks with climate change"

S.08. Consequences of biotic and environmental global changes for MTEs

Angela Lafuente García-Ubero. “Biocrusts modulates how climate change affects N2O and CH4 emissions in Mediterranenan grasslands”.

Guadalupe León Sánchez. “Responses of Helianthemum squamatum to warming and rainfall reduction in a semiarid shrubland”.

Sp.02. Filling current knowledge gaps: understanding the role of plant-soil interactions in the MTEs

Laura García-Velázquez. “Warming and biocrusts alter soil P fractions in a semi-arid ecosystem”.

So if you are in the conference and want to see some of our latest stuff you know where we will be. If you would like also to chat to any of us we will be around until Fridary afternoon there, so look for us! 

martes, 27 de diciembre de 2016

Se busca candidato/a para un contrato FPU

Se busca candidato/a para solicitar un contrato de Formación de Profesorado Universitario (FPU) al Ministerio de Educación en la Convocatoria de 2016 (más información aquí). Se ofrece un proyecto de tesis doctoral enormemente atractivo, centrado en los efectos del cambio climático sobre el carbono del suelo en sistemas áridos y sus implicaciones. La investigación a desarrollar por el doctorando tendría una escala global y estaría asociada al proyecto BIODESERT, otorgado a Fernando T. Maestre por el prestigioso programa Consolidator Grants del Consejo Europeo de Investigación (ERC). El trabajo de tesis se realizará fundamentalmente en los laboratorios del grupo “Materia orgánica del suelo, gestión ambiental de residuos y cambio global” del Instituto de Ciencias Agrarias del CSIC, incluyendo también trabajo en las instalaciones experimentales del Laboratorio de Ecología de Zonas Áridas y Cambio Global de la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos. La tesis estará dirigida por los Drs. César Plaza (CSIC) y Fernando T. Maestre (Universidad Rey Juan Carlos).

Los candidatos deben cumplir los requisitos exigidos en la convocatoria (más información aquí), contar con una Licenciatura/Grado en Ciencias Biológicas o Ambientales y tener una nota media de más de 8 (en una escala de 0-10; esta convocatoria marca unos requisitos mínimos de nota media que los candidatos deben cumplir y no se considerarán solicitudes con notas medias por debajo de este umbral).  Se valorará también el nivel de inglés, la experiencia en campo, los conocimientos de estadística, estar en posesión del carnet de conducir y, sobre todo, la motivación.

Los interesados deben remitir su CV y la nota de media de su expediente académico por correo electrónico a César Plaza antes del 20 de enero de 2016, teniendo en cuenta que el plazo de presentación de solicitudes de becas FPU finaliza el 3 de febrero de 2017.

viernes, 16 de diciembre de 2016

We are looking for a candidate to apply to the "Juan de la Cierva formación" postdoctoral call

We are looking for a motivated candidate to apply to a competitive postdoctoral call ("Juan de la Cierva formación") from the Spanish Government that fully fund a 2-yr postdoctoral contract to work in in the Dryland Ecology and Global Change LabThe requeriments of the candidate are the following:

* We are particularly interested in candidates with expertise in any of the following areas: microbial ecology, bioinformatics, lichen taxonomy, biocrust ecology, remote sensing or ecological modelling.

* The candidate should hold a PhD awarded between 1 January 2015 and 31 December 2016.
* The candidate should have a strong publication record, with articles in journals included in the first quartile of the JCR database (the call is highly competitive and succesfull candidates are those with a strong publication record).
* Previous research stays and/or postdoctoral experience outside Spain (for Spanish candidates) or a Phd from a non-Spanish university (for candidates from outside Spain). 

Please note that this is not a job offer, as the candidate will apply to a competitive call. All the details of this call can be found here (in Spanish). If awarded, the person would work in a state-of-the-art facilities in the Móstoles Campus of Rey Juan Carlos University, including a brand new and well equiped laboratory and access to the Aranjuez Experimental Station and the Climate Change Outdoor Laboratory in the university campus (Fig. 1). He/she would be part of the research team working in the BIODESERT project, awarded to Fernando T. Maestre by the Consolidator Grant program of the European Research Council for the period 2016-2020. This project has the following main objectives:
  1. To test how changes in climate and grazing pressure determine spatiotemporal patterns in multifunctionality in global drylands.
  2. To assess how biotic attributes modulate ecosystem resilience to climate change and grazing pressure at multiple spatial scales (from local to global).
  3. To test and develop early warning indicators for the onset of desertification.
  4. To forecast the onset of desertification and its ecological consequences under different climate and grazing scenarios.

Interested candidates in applying to this call in the lab should send their updated CV and three references to Fernando T. Maestre before 31 December 2016. The selected applicant will be notified by 6th of January 2017, and will need to prepare all the materials requested by the call before the 20th of January.

Figure 1. Views of the Climate Change Outdoor laboratory, where highly replicated climate change experiments can be set up.

miércoles, 26 de octubre de 2016

Conferencia de Ricard Solé en la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos

El próximo 8 de noviembre, Ricard Solé impartirá la conferencia

Evolución artificial: de la biología sintética a la robótica evolutiva 

Uno de los grandes problemas de la biología es la comprensión del origen de las innovaciones evolutivas. La vida sobre nuestro planeta ha experimentado cambios cualitativos de gran importancia asociados al origen de la vida, de las primeras células, los sistemas multicelulares, la cooperación, el lenguaje o la consciencia (entre otros). Nuestra aparición como especie ha dado lugar a una nueva era geológica y también a una nueva transición a nivel global. ¿Son estas transiciones inevitables? ¿Podrían existir alternativas? ¿podría ser la vida sobre nuestro planeta completamente distinta a la que conocemos? Una forma de abordar estas cuestiones es emplear sistemas artificiales que nos permitan imitar los procesos o condiciones necesarias para obtener innovaciones. La biología sintética, la robótica evolutiva y las teorías de sistemas complejos nos permiten acercarnos a las grandes preguntas y obtener algunas respuestas, en ocasiones inesperadas.

La conferencia tendrá lugar a las 15.30 h en el salón de grados del Edificio Departamental II del Campus de Móstoles de la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos. Para direcciones sobre como llegar pulsa aquí

Ricard Solé es profesor de investigación ICREA, el instituto catalán de estudios avanzados, y dirige el Laboratorio de Sistemas Complejos de la Universidad Pompeu Fabra. Es también catedrático externo en el Santa Fe Institute y profesor externo del Centro de Evolución y Cáncer de la Universidad de California en San Francisco, ambos en Estados Unidos. Es miembro de la junta directiva de la Sociedad Europea de Sistemas Complejos y del consejo editorial de Biology Direct y PLoS ONE. Ha dirigido numerosos proyectos de investigación, incluido uno de los prestigiosos "Advanced Grants" del Consejo Europeo de Investigación, autor de más de 300 artículos publicados en revistas científicas (incluidos varios en Nature Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences) y ha publicado, entre otros libros, Redes complejas. Del genoma a InternetVidas sintéticasLa lógica de los monstruos (Tusquets).

domingo, 4 de septiembre de 2016

Actividades de investigación por créditos para alumnos de la URJC, curso 2016/2017

Si eres estudiante de algún grado en la URJC y te interesa introducirte en el mundo de la investigación en ecología y cambio global, participar en el desarrollo de los proyectos que estamos realizando en el Laboratorio de Ecología de Ecosistemas Semiáridos y Cambio Global y conseguir créditos por esta actividad ahora puedes hacerlo! Tenemos varias vacantes para alumnos que estén interesados en colaborar con nosotros.

Los alumnos interesados colaborarán en las tareas de mantenimiento de los distintos experimentos sobre las consecuencias ecológicas del cambio climático en los ecosistemas semiáridos que se están llevando en las instalaciones del Campus de Móstoles y la Estación Experimental de Aranjuez, donde de manera experimental se están simulando las condiciones de temperatura (aumento de 2.5 ºC anuales) y precipitación (reducción de un 30% de la cantidad total de precipitación) predichas por los modelos de cambio climático para las zonas semiáridas de la Península Ibérica. Asimismo, los alumnos también participarán en las medidas que se están realizando en estos experimentos (mediciones de humedad del suelo y de fotosíntesis/respiración, medidas fisiológicas y de crecimiento, etc), la toma de muestras de suelo y preparación de las mismas para su análisis en el laboratorio (análisis fisico-químicos y moleculares basados en el uso de ADN). 

Si quieres ver el tipo de investigación que hacemos en nuestro grupo puedes echar un vistazo a este vídeo realizado por la UPCA de la URJC:

 Vista de las instalaciones del Campus de Móstoles donde estamos realizando nuestros experimentos de cambio climático.

Parcela experimental en la Estación Experimental de Aranjuez

Estas colaboraciones son totalmente compatibles con el normal desarrollo de las actividades académicas, y el horario es adaptable a las necesidades de los alumnos. Si deseas más información sobre cómo colaborar con nosotros y las actividades a realizar contacta con Victoria Ochoa o Beatriz Gozalo.

martes, 5 de julio de 2016

We are looking for a candidate for a post-doctoral competitive call

We are looking for a motivated candidate to apply to a competitive call from the Regional Government of Madrid for funding a 4-yr post-doctoral contract to work in our lab. The requeriments of the candidates are the following:

* Strong publication record in any of the areas related to the research we do in the lab (for details about we do and recent publications check our webpage). We are particularly interested in candidates with expertise in microbial ecology, bioinformatics or remote sensing.
* The candidate should hold a PhD awarded between 1 January 2013 and 20 June 2016
* The candidate should have been working (under a contract or fellowship, proof required) outside Spain for at least one of the last two years.

Please note that this is not a job offer, as the candidate will apply to a competitive call (a total of 25 contracts will be awarded for all knowledge areas). All the details of this call (in Spanish) can be found here. If awarded, the person would work in the Dryland Ecology and Global Change Lab, located in the Móstoles Campus of Rey Juan Carlos University. He/she would be part of the research team working in the BIODESERT project, awarded to Fernando T. Maestre by the Consolidator Grant program of the European Research Council for the period 2016-2020.

Interested candidates in apply to one of these contracts in the lab should send their updated CV and two references to Fernando T. Maestre before 10 July 2016. The selected applicant will be notified on 11 July, and will need to prepare all the materials requested by the call (the candidate will apply to "Modalidad 2") by 15 July (sorry for the short notice).